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AMMANN PATENT ATTORNEYS: Information

Information concerning selected Intellectual Property Conventions (cf. Glossary of Codes) administered by WIPO: International trademarks, international models (The Hague Agreement), and PCT

The following information is not to be construed as legal advice. Though care is invested in compiling these data, no responsibility whatsoever for completeliness or correctness thereof can be taken over.

Furthermore, WIPO provides up-to-date information about legal texts, ratification status etc within the frame of its internet site. However, a list of states upholding or having waived a reservation with respect to the now generally applicable 30-months timelimit for entering national phase under the PCT is provided.

updated 22 March 2018

Date Re* Information
13 JUN 2018 THA/GE GB

The United Kingdom has deposited the instrument of ratification for the Geneva Act (1999) of the Hague Agreement on 13 March 2018. It becomes the 54th member of the Geneva Act and the 68th member of the Hague Union. The Act enters into force for the United Kingdom on 13 June 2018.

WIPO's website, Hague System, News: 13 March 2018

28 FEB 2018 THA/GE RU

The Russian Federation has deposited the instrument of ratification for the Geneva Act (1999) of the Hague Agreement on 30 November 2017. Russia becomes the 53rd member of the Geneva Act and the 67th member of the Hague Union. The Act enters into force for the Russian Federation on 13 June 2018.

WIPO's website, Hague System, News: 30 November 2017

01 January 2018 PCT CH

The Swiss Institue of Intellectual Property (IIP) informed WIPO that the application which is due for entering a national phase before IIP is due within 3 months od the date of filing (i.e. entering the Swiss national phase) instead of the (presently) 30 months timelimit stipulated by the PCT (Art. 22 or 39). It is observed, however that the Ordinance Art. 124 still requires that inter alia the application fee be paid within 30 months after the priority or PCT filing date. No other information by the IIP on this subject is known.

PCT Newsl. 2017/12 (2017) 7.

01 Jan 2018 MMA/P

On 1 January 2018, the 2018 version of the eleventh edition of the Nice classification entered into force.

(Madrid Information Notice 23 November 2017)

9 June 2017 PCT JO

Jordan (JO) has become the 152nd member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 9 March 2017, and the PCT will enter into force for that country on 9 June 2017. Accordingly, Jordan will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 9 June 2017 the earliest.

PCT Newsl. 2017/3 (2017) 1.

30 MAY 2017 THA/GE ES

Spain has withdrawn the reservation under Rule 18(1) of the Common Regulations as a consequence of recent modifications of Spanish design law. Therefore, international designs will be protected as of the date of publication after 30 May 2017.

Information Notice 1/2017

8 Dec 2016 PCT KH

Cambodia (KH) has become the 151st member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 8 September 2016, and the PCT will enter into force for that country on 8 December 2016. Accordingly, Cambodia will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 8 December 2016 the earliest. Cambodia has reserved to not being bound by Art 59 PCT (Ruling of dispute between states by the International Court of Justice)

PCT Newsl. 2016/9 (2016) 1.

23 Sep 2016 PCT DJ

Djibouti (DJ) has become the 150th member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 23 June 2016, and the PCT will enter into force for that country on 23 September 2016. Accordingly, Djibouti will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 23 September 2016 the earliest.

PCT Newsl. 2016/07-8 (2016) 1.

09 Sep 2016 PCT KW

Kuwait (KW) has become the 149th member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 9 June 2016, and the PCT will enter into force for that country on 9 September 2016. Accordingly, Kuwait will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 9 September 2016 the earliest.

PCT Newsl. 2016/06 (2016) 1.

31 OCT 2015 MMA/P THA LA

Madrid Agreement/Protocol and The Hague Agreement are applicable to Faroer Islands since 13 April 2016. The respective reservation by Danmark has been withdrawn.

(SIC! 2016/5 (2016) 228)

31 OCT 2015 MMA/P LA

The Lao People's Republic has acceded the Madrid Protocol. It ratified the Protocol on 7 December 2015. The Protocol will enter into force for it on 7 March 2016. The following reservations have been made:

  • individual fee for designation and renewal will apply (Article 8(7)(a) of the Protocol)
  • the timelimit for refusal will be 18 months (Article 5(2)(b) and (c) of the Protocol)
31 OCT 2015 MMA/P MZ

Wipo Information regarding Mozambique:

Notification Made under Rule 7(2) of the Common Regulations under the Madrid Agreement Concerning the International Registration of Marks and the Protocol Relating to that Agreement: Declaration of Intention to Use the Mark when Designating Mozambique

The Government of Mozambique has notified WIPO that from November 5, 2015, a declaration of intention to use the mark is required when Mozambique is designated under the Madrid Protocol.
From November 5, by designating Mozambique, the applicant or holder declares his/her intention to use the mark, or for it to be used with his/her consent in Mozambique, in connection with the goods and services identified in the international application or subsequent designation.
For further information, please refer to Information Notice No. 41/2015.

31 OCT 2015 MMA/P DZ

Under Art. 5(2)d, Algeria (DZ) has made the following declaration: "In accordance with Article 5(2)(b) and (c) of the Protocol, this Contracting Party has declared that the time limit to notify a refusal of protection shall be 18 months and that, where a refusal of protection results from an opposition to the granting of protection, such refusal may be notified after the expiry of the 18-month time limit." .

31 OCT 2015 MMA/P DZ

Algeria (DZ) will be the 95th member of the Madrid Protocol as of 31 July 2015. The Protocol will enter into force for Algeria on 31 October 2015.

By the entry into force of the Protocol for Algeria, i.e. after 31 October 2015, the Protocol and its advantages will apply to all international trademark applications.

(WIPO News 7 August 2015).

05 JUN 2015 MMA/P KH

Cambodia (KH) will be the 94th member of the Madrid Protocol as of 5 March 2015. The Protocol will enter into force for Cambodia on 5 June 2015.

(WIPO Information Notice 2015/6 of 20 March 2015.

13 MAY 2015 THA/GE JP

Japan has accessed the The Hague system on 13 February 2015. The Hague Agreement enters into force for Japan on 13 May 2015.

However, it appears that the system that only one design per registration is allowed, is still applicable. For an international design comprising a number of designs, a fee for each design will be levied.

(Country Details)

13 MAY 2015 THA/GE US

The U.S.A. have accessed the The Hague system on 13 February 2015. The Hague Agreement enters into force for the U.S.A. on 13 May 2015.

(Country Details)

01 APR 2015 PCT JP

Japan has withdrawn the reservations set forth below with effect from 1 April 2015 (filing date of concerned PCT application):

  • Rule 49ter.1(g): restoration of right of priority be receiving office (RO)
  • Rule 49ter.1(g): effect of restoration of right of priority
  • Rule 49ter.2(h): restoration of right of priority by designated office.

As a consequence, PCT Rules 26bis.3(a) to (i), 49ter.1(a) to (d), and 49ter.2(a) to (g) will be applied by the Japanese Patent Office if the filing date of the respective PCT application is 1 April 2015 or later. Hence, the JPO will accept decisions made by a RO regarding restoration of right of priority prvided that the conditions that the necessary conditions are met. Furthermore, JPO will apply the "due care" criterion in this respect if dealing with a request for restoration of right of priority.

PCT Newsl. 2015/03 (2015) Article 2.

01 July 2014 THA/GE KR

With effect from 31 March 2014, the Republic of Korea (South Korea) (KR) is a member of the 1999 Geneva Act.

The Republic of Korea may be designated in an International Design Application since 1 July 2014.

(Country Details)

04 Oct 2013 PCT IR

The Islamic Republic of Iran (IR) has become the 148th member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 4 July 2013, and the PCT will enter into force for that country on 4 October 2013. Accordingly, Iran will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 4 October 2013 the earliest.

PCT Newsl. 2013/07 (2013) 1.

17 AUG 2013 MMA/P RW

Rwanda (RW) will be the 90th member of the Madrid Protocol as of 8 July 2013.

(WIPO Notice 2013/17

8 JUL 2013 MMA/P IN

India will be a member of the Madrid Protocol as of 8 July 2013. Furthermore, the Indian government has made the following declarations:

  • Extension to India of international registration filed before entry into force of the MMP for India (8 July 2013) can not be extended to India. (Article 14(5) )
  • Licenses registered with WIPO will not apply to India. Instead, license have to be registered with the Indian trademark office. (Rule 7(2))
  • Intended use has to be declared (form MM2, MM3 are modified accordingly) (Rule 20bis(6)(b))

Sources:

03 May 2013 PCT SA

Saudi Arabia (SA) has become the 147th member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 3 May 2013, and the PCT will enter into force for that country on 3 August 2013. Accordingly, Saudi Arabia will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 3 August 2013 the earliest.

PCT Newsl. 2013/05 (2013) 1.

29 JUN 2012 MMA/P SY

Due to the respective renunciation deposited on 29 June 2012, the Syrian Arab Republic will no more be a member of the Madrid Agreement with effect from 29 June 2013, but remains a member of the Madrid Protocol. International trademarks with Syria designated and registered up to that date will remain valid except they are refused within one year (Art. 5 MMA)

(Wipo Information Notice of 14 September 2012)

10 DEC 2012 MMP NZ

With effect on 10 December 2012, New Zealand will be a member of the Madrid Protocol due to its accessing on 10 September 2012. The accession will have no effect to the territory of Tokelau until the point in time when a respective declaration will be deposited. The delay for declaring provisional refusal has been extended to 18 months, and a provisional refusal due to an opposition may occur even later. Further details like Declaration of intention to use, effect of licenses registered with WIPO (Rule 20bis (6)(a)), individual fees (not yet known [13 Nov 212]).

( Wipo Information Notice of 19 October 2012)

24 AUG 2012 PCT VU

Vanuatu (VU) has become the 157th member of the WTO on 24 August 2012. As a consequence, priority of a first filing in Vanuatu may be claimed in a PCT application.

PCT Newsl. 2012/11 (2012) 1.

16 SEP 2012 PCT US

As a consequence of the America Invents Act (AIA), is is no more required that an inventor is designated as an applicant for the purposes of the designation of the USA in a PCT application on and after 16 September 2012. However, the inventor will still be required for the proceedings before the U.S.P.T.O, in particular the Oath or the Declaration will still be necessary to be filed. Unfortunately, the present wording of the declaration comprised in the PCT request (Rule 4.17(iv)) does not comply with the requirements under the AIA. An adapted PCT request in paper form is announced to appear in time, yet a revised filing software will be available in January 2013 only, as are revised PCT regulations.

PCT Newsl. 2012/07-08 (2012) 1-2.

07 SEP 2012 PCT PA

Panama (PA) has become the 146th member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 7 June 2012, and the PCT will enter into force for that country on 7 September 2012. Accordingly, Panama will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 7 December 2012 the earliest.

PCT Newsl. 2012/06 (2012) 1.

24 JUL 2012 PCT BN

Brunei Darussalam (BN) has become the 145th member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 24 April 2012, and the PCT will enter into force for that country on 24 July 2012. Accordingly, Brunei Darussalam will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 24 April 2012 the earliest.

PCT Newsl. 2012/05 (2011) 1.

31 AUG 2011 PCT QA

Rwanda (RW) has become the 144th member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 31 May 2011, and the PCT will enter into force for that country on 31 August 2011. Accordingly, Rwanda will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 31 August 2011 the earliest.

PCT Newsl. 2011/06 (2011) 1.

03 AUG 2011 PCT QA

Qatar (QA) will become the 143th member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 03 May 2011, and the PCT will enter into force for that country on 3 August 2011. Accordingly, Qatar will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 3 August 2011 the earliest.

Katar has made a reservation under Art. 64(5) PCT: Bringing before the International Cour if Justice of disputes betweeen two of more states about the interpretation or application of the PCT or of regulations.

PCT Newsl. 2011/5 (2011) 1.

30 JUN 2011 MMA/P TZ

With effect from 30 June 2011, Tajikistan (TZ) becomes a member of the Madrid Protocol. Thereby, the number of members of the Madrid Protocol is increased to 84, and the total number of members of the Madrid System to 86.

(Wipo Information Notice 16/2011)

01 MAY 2011 THA/GE FI

With effect from 1 May 2011, Finland (FI) is a member of the 1999 Geneva Act (additionally: Revision of London 2 June 1934, The Hague 28 November 1960, complemented by the Additional Act Monaco 1961, the Complementary Act of Stockholm 1967, and the Protocol Geneva 1975).

(SIC! 2011/5 (2011) 337)
WIPO Note)

11 JAN 2011 MMA/P THA/GE DK

Denmark deposited a declaration that the Madrid Protocol is applicable to Greenland since 11 January 2011, and another declaration to the same effect with respect to the The Hague Agreement, inter alia the Act of Geneva.

13 Dec 2010 THA LI NL

Liechtenstein and The Netherlands have deposited the instruments of abolishment of the London Act of 1934 and the Monaco Additional Act of 1961. The required number of instruments has not yet been reached.

08 DEC 2010 MMA/P KZ

With effect from 08 December 2010, Kazakhstan (KZ) becomes a member of the Madrid Protocol. Thereby, the number of members of the Madrid Protocol is increased to 83, and the total number of members of the Madrid System to 85.

(Wipo Information Notice 13/2010!)

17 JUN 2010 THA/GE NO

With effect from 17 June 2010, Norway (NO) is a member of the 1999 Geneva Act.

(GRUR Int. 2010/6 (2010) 546)

16 Feb 2010 MMA/P SD

On 16 February 2009, the Madrid Protocol entered into force for Sudan (SD) which is a member of the Madrid Agreement since 16 May 1984.

(SIC! 2010/2 (2010) 131)

01 Jan 2010 THA

With effect from 1 July 2010, the 1934 London Act of the The Hague Agreement on International Registration of Designs will be freezed: As of this date, no designation under the 1934 Act will be accepted anymore. Designations made priorily will remain valid.

The member countries of this Act agreed that the next step will be to terminate the 1934 Act. It is hoped that the proceedings will be streamlined thereby.

24 DEC 2009 PCT TH

Thailand (TH) deposited its instrument of accession to the PCT on 24 September 2009 and will become a member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 24 December 2009. Accordingly, Thailand will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 24 December 2009 the earliest.

Furthermore, Thailand has made the reservation not to be bound by Art. 59 PCT (Settlement of Disputes by plaint to the International Court of Justice)

PCT Newsl. 2009/10 (2009) 1.

11 Dec 2009 MMA/P LR

On 11 December 2009, the Madrid Protocol will enter into force for Liberia (LR) which is already a member of the Madrid Agreement. The number of Member states will be 80.

(Wipo Information Notice of 19 October 2009

09 DEC 2009 THA/GE RS

With effect from 9 December 2009, Serbia (RS) is a member of the 1999 Geneva Act. It has already been a member the The Hague Convention.

(SIC! 2009/12 (2009) 916)

01 Sep 2009 MMA/P

On 1 September 2009, modified Rules of the Common Regulations of the Madrid Agreement and Protocol entered into force:

  • Rule 16: A member state having deposited a declaration pursuant Art. 5(2) b or c may inform the IB of a refusal due to an opposition after expiry of the 18 months timelimit.
  • Rule 17: Remain in force as far as the provisional refusal is addressed. The other provisions are moved to Rule 18bis and 18ter.
  • Rule 18bis: An office may notify that the refusal has been withdrawn even in case of a favorable examination following a provisional refusal.
  • Rule 18ter: The rule addresses the definitive status of a registration in a state. Basically, an office shall inform the IB as early as possible of a positive (allowance) or negative (refusal) result of an examination.

(SIC! 2009/10 (2009) 741)

02 JUL 2009 THA/GE PL

With effect from 2 July 2009, Poland (PL) is a member of the 1999 Geneva Act (additionally: Revision of London 2 June 1934, The Hague 28 November 1960, complemented by the Additional Act Monaco 1961, Complementary Act of Stockholm 1967, the Protocol Geneva 1975).

(SIC! 2009/6 (2009) 469)

01 JUL 2009 PCT

PCT Regulations

In September 2008, the Assembly of the PCT Union adopted several amendments to the PCT Regulations which will enter into force on 1 July 2009. Those amendments include:

  • a clarification regarding the procedure to be followed by the receiving Office where it has accorded, albeit mistakenly, an international filing date and intends to issue a declaration under PCT Article 14(4); and
  • when filing amendments of the claims under PCT Articles 19 and/or 34, the new requirement for applicants to submit a complete set of claims rather than, as at present, replacement sheets only for those sheets of claims which differ from sheets previously filed (see amended PCT Rules 46.5 and 66.8(c)).

The separate texts containing only the amended PCT Regulations which will enter into force on 1 July 2009 are reproduced in English, French and Spanish

The consolidated texts of the PCT Regulations, as in force from 1 July 2009, are available in English, French and Spanish, too.

Modifications to the Administrative Instructions under the PCT

A number of modifications have been made to the Administrative Instructions under the PCT in relation to the filing of nucleotide and/or amino acid sequence listings (hereinafter: sequence listings). These modifications will also enter into force on 1 July 2009 and consist of modifications to Sections 101, 207, 208, 513, 610, 702, 707 and 713, Annex C and Annex F (including its Appendices III and IV), as well as the deletion of Part 8 and Annex C-bis.

As a consequence of these modifications:

  • mixed mode sequence listing filings will no longer be possible;
  • there will no longer be a page fee payable for sequence listings filed in accordance with Annex C/WIPO Standard ST.25 text format as part of an international application filed in electronic form;
  • full page fees will be payable for all pages of a sequence listing filed in image format (for example, PDF format) or on paper; and
  • there will no longer be any page fee benefits for tables relating to sequence listings - pages containing such tables will count as regular pages of description, irrespective of how they are submitted.

In addition to the page fee change, these modifications concern, in particular:

  • the arrangement and numbering of sheets of the international application (Section 207);
  • the availability of copies of sequence listings in the ST.25 text format submitted for the purposes of international search (Section 513);
  • a clarification of the relationship between Annex C of the Administrative Instructions and WIPO Standard ST.25 (Sections 101, 208, 513 and 610, Annex C and Annex F);
  • the deletion of the option of mixed mode sequence listing applications (Sections 702 and 713, and deletion of Part 8 and Annex C-bis);
  • defining the requirements for the submission of sequence listings in lectronic form using physical media (Annex F).

All modifications will apply to international applications filed on or after 1 July 2009.

Consolidated texts of the Administrative Instructions (PCT/AI/9) and of Annex F thereto (PCT/AI/ANF/4), as in force from July 1, 2009, are available.

PCT Newsl. 2009/6 (2009) 1-2.

06 JUN 2009 PCT PE

Peru (PE) deposited its instrument of accession to the PCT on 6 March 2009 and will become a member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 6 June 2009. Accordingly, Peru will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 6 June 2009 the earliest.

PCT Newsl. 2009/3 (2009) 1.

02 JUN 2009 PCT CL

Chile (CL) deposited its instrument of accession to the PCT on 2 March 2009 and will become a member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 2 June 2009. Accordingly, Chile will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 2 June 2009 the earliest.

Chile has made a reservation that it is not bound by Art. 59 PCT (Dispute settlement between member states).

PCT Newsl. 2009/3 (2009) 1.

04 MAR 2009 THA/GE OM

With effect from 4 March 2009, Oman (OM) becomes a member of the 1999 Geneva Act.

(SIC! 2009/3 (2009) 221)

27 JAN 2009 MMA/P BA

With effect from 27 January 2009, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BA) becomes a member of the Madrid Protocol.

(SIC! 2008/12 (2008) 941)

24 DEC 2008 THA/GE BA

With effect from 24 December 2008, Bosnia and Herzegovina (BA) becomes a member of the 1999 Geneva Act.

(SIC! 2008/12 (2008) 941)

09 DEC 2008 THA/GE DK

With effect from 9 December 2008, Denmark becomes a member of the 1999 Geneva Act.

(SIC! 2008/12 (2008) 941)

8 DEC 2008 MMA/P ST

Sao Tomé and Principe accessed the Madrid Protocol with effect from 8 December 2008.

(SIC! 2008/12 (2008) 940)

08 DEC 2008 THA/GE ST

With effect from 8 December 2008, Sao Tomé and Principe becomes a member of the 1999 Geneva Act.

(SIC! 2008/12 (2008) 941)

07 OCT 2008 THA/GE BG

With effect from 7 October 2008, Bulgaria, being already a member of the Agreement, becomes a member of the 1999 Geneva Act.

26 SEP 2008 THA/GE LT

With effect from 26 September 2008, Lithuania, being already a member of the Agreement, becomes a member of the 1999 Geneva Act.

1 SEP 2008 MMA/P

As of 1 September 2008, the "safeguard clause" is abolished. On and after that date, if the state of origin and a designated state are both members of the Madrid Protocol, the Protocol governs the registration for this designated country, irrespective if one or both of the two states are also members of the Madrid Arrangement.

( Informations Notice 2008/18)

02 AUG 2008 PCN TH

Thailand (TH) deposited its instrument of accession to the Paris Convention on 02 May 2008 and will become bound on 2 August 2008. Furthermore, Thailand has made a reservation under Art. 28(2) of not being subject to decisions of the International Court of Justice in case of a dispute with another country.

SIC! 2008/7/8 (2008) 570

03 JUL 2008 PCT ST

Sao Tome and Principe (ST) deposited its instrument of accession to the PCT on 3 April 2008 and will become a member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 3 July 2008. Accordingly, Sao Tome and Principe will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 3 July 2008 the earliest.

PCT Newsl. 2008/4 (2008) 2.

01 JUL 2008 PCT CH

Switzerland has withdrawn its notification of incompatibility with "new" PCT Art 22(1) with effect from 1 July 2008, cf. the list of member states. The exact timelimit for entering a national phase in Swtzerland is now 30 months

Futhermore, the following reservations have been withdrawn:

  • Rule 51 bis.1 (e): Translation of the priority document;
  • Rule 51 bis.2 (a) (i) - (iii): Indications regarding inventor, entitlement of applicant to file the application and to a claimed priority;
  • Rule 51 bis.3(a): Minimal timelimit of 2 months in case certain requirements have not been complied with.

PCT Newsl. 2008/7 (2008) 2

01 JUL 2008 PCT

On the Extraordinary Session of the Assembly of the PCT Union on 31 March 2008, the following modifications of the schedule of fees have been approved with effect from 1 July 2008:

  • The international filing fee is reduced to CHF 1'330.
  • The fee reduction for applicants fulfilling the requirements of Item 4(a) or (b) of the Schedule of Fees (applicant is a natural person and is a national of and resides in a state with defined maximal per capita income; or is not a natural person, yet is a national of and resides in a state classified as a least developed country by the UN) is increased to 90 % (formerly: 75 %).
  • Extension of scope of the above fee reductions to the following states: Antigua and Barbuda; Bahrein; Barbados; Libyan Arab Jamahiriya; Oman; Seychelles; Singapore; Trinidad and Tobago; United Arab Emirates.

PCT Newsl. 2008/4 (2008) 1-2.

07 MAY 2005 MMAP

BH

Bahrein withdraws the reservation under Art. 5.2(c) (notice of opposition possible after expiry of deadline for notifying a refusal) before entering into force. The reservation under Art. 5.2(b) (notice of refusal up to 18 months after inter officia notification of extension) is maintained and enters into force on 7 May 2008.

(SIC! 2008/7/8 (2008) 570)

28 APR 2008 MMA/P MG

With effect from 28 April 2008, Madagascar deposited a declaration pursuant Art. 5(2)(b) and 5(2)(d) that the timelimit for pronouncng a refusal is 18 months instead of one year.

(SIC! 2008/4 (2008) 323)

19 JAN 2008 THA/GE MN

With effect from 19 January 2008, Mongolia, being already a member of the The Hague Convention, is also a member of the 1999 Geneva Act.

01 Jan 2008 THA EU EM

With effect from 1 January 2008, the European Union will be a member of the The Hague Convention, 1999 Geneva Act.

(SIC! 2007/12 (2007) 931)

17 DEC 2007 PCN PCT AO

Angola (AO) deposited its instrument of accession to the PCT on 27 September 2007 and will become a member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 27 December 2007. Accordingly, Angola will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 27 December 2007 the earliest.

On the same day, Angola deposited the intrument of accession to the Paris Convention and will be bound by this Convention as of 27 December 2007. (PC now comprises 172 members)

PCT Newsl. 2007/10 (2007) 1.

15 DEC 2007 MMP BH

Bahrein (country code: BH) acceded the Madrid Protocol on 15 September and will be bound on 15 December 2007.

13 DEC 2007 PCT EP

Withdrawal of reservations due to coming into force of the EPC2000

As a consequence of the entry into force of the EPC2000, the European Patent Office has withdrawn several reservation of incompatability with national law:

  • Rule 4.10(d): right of priority for first filings in WTO member states based on WTO membership
  • Rules 20.8(a) and (b): incorporation of missing parts by reference
  • Rule 26bis.3(j)j, 49ter.1(g), 49ter.2(h): restoration of right of claiming priority of an earlier filing
  • Rule 49.6(f): restoration of right in case acts required by Art. 22 (entry of national phase: translations etc.) have meen omitted
  • Rule 51biss.1(f): furnishing of a translation of the priority documents if the validity of the priority claim is an issue

Summing up, PCT Rules 4.10(a) and (b) (as amended with effect from 1 January 2000), 20.3(a)(ii) and (b)(ii), 20.5(a)(ii) and (d), 20.6, 26bis.3(a) to (i), 49.6(a) to (e), 49ter.1(a) to (f), 49ter.2(a) to (g) and 51bis.1(e) apply with respect to the EPO with effect from 13 December 2007.

PCT Newsl. 2007/11 (2007) 1-2

16 OCT 2007 MMP OM

Oman (country code: OM) became a member of the Madrid Protocol on 16 October 2007. It will be bound by the Protocol as of the same day. Number of members is now 74.

04 AUG 2007 THA VA

With effect from 4 August 2007, the Holy See renounced to be a member of the The Hague Union and has canceled the London version of the The Hague Agreement.

(SIC! 2006/11 (2006) 823)

13 JUL 2007 THA AM

With effect from 13 July 2007, Armenia (AM) became a member of the The Hague Union.

(SIC! 2007/7,8 (2007) 585)

10 July 2007 PCT RS ME

Serbia

Serbia, as the successor state of the dissolved Republic of Serbia and Montenegro, will continue to recognize any international patent applications designating Serbia and Montenegro. (BTW: The same applies to extension of European Patents to the Republic of Serbia and Montenegro) (cf. PCT Newsl. 2006/10 (2006)).

Montenegro

Regulations are being drafted for setting into force patents and designations granted for resp. of the former Republic of Serbia and Montenegro. Still to be recalled that Montenegro declared that the PCT continues to be applicable to the Republic of Montenegro (ME).

PCT Newsl. 2007/6 (2007) 2

01 JUL 2007 PCT SE

Timelimit for Entering National Phase

Sweden has withdrawn its notification of incompatibility with "new" PCT Art 22(1) with effect from 1 July 2007, cf. the list of member states. The exact timelimit for entering a national phase in Sweden is then 31 months

Restoration of Right: Priority Claim

With effect from 1 July 2007, Sweden has withdrawn the reservation under PCT Rules 94ter.1(g) and .2(g) (restoration of right of priority by receiving/designated/elected office). In examining such a request for restoration of rights, the Swedish Patent Office will apply the criterion of due care.

PCT Newsl. 2007/6 (2007) 1

28 MAY 2007 PCT DO

Dominican Republic accedes PCT incl Chapter II

PCT Newsl. 2007/3 (2007) 1

01 APR 2007 PCT

Amendments of the PCT Regulations:

  • Minimum requirements for ISAs and IPEAs
  • modified physical requirements of the international application, inter alia for better OCR
  • clarifications of language-related requirements
  • clarifications of preceding amendments.
  • request for restoration of priority claim available, depending on receiving office or if applied later, on designated/elected office.

The amendments/amended Regulations are available on the PCT-website of WIPO.

PCT Newsl. 2006/10 (2006) 1-3

PCT Newsl. 2007/4 (2007) 1-5 and 8-11

19 MAR 2007 THA/GE AL

With effect from 19 March 2007, Albania is a member of the The Hague Convention including the 1960 Stockholm Act and the 1999 Geneva Act.

(SIC! 2007/12 (2007) 931)

18 MAR 2007 PCT BH

The Kingdom of Bahrein (BH) deposited its instrument of accession to the PCT on 18 December 2006 and will become a member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 18 March 2007. Accordingly, Bahrain will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 18 March 2007 the earliest.

Note: Bahrein has made a reservation under Art. 64(5) PCT. Accordingly, Art. 59 relating to the resolution of disputes between member states does not apply to Bahrein.

PCT Newsl. 2007/1 (2007) 1.

01 MAR 2007 PCT LV

Wit effect from 1 March 2007, Latvia closed the national route via the PCT. thereafter, Latvia will be designated only within the designation of the European Patent Convention.

PCT Newsl. 2007/4 (2007) 1.

01 MAR 2007 PCT MT

Malta (MT) deposited its instrument of accession to the PCT on 1 December 2006 and will become a member state of the PCT including Chapter II with effect from 1 March 2007. Accordingly, Malta will automatically be designated and elected in any PCT application having a filing date of 1 March 2007 the earliest. Note: Malta has made a reservation under Art. 64(5) PCT. Accordingly, Art. 59 relating to the resolution of disputes between member states does not apply to Malta. (PCT Newsl. 2006/12 (2006) 1)

Furthermore, Malta has closed the national route via the PCT. Henceforth, Malta will be designated only within the designation of the European Patent Convention. (PCT Newsl. 2007/3 (2007) 1)

05 DEC 2006 THA MMA BW

Botswana (BW) acceded the The Hague Union including the Geneva Protocol, and the Madrid Protocol, both with effect from 5 December 2006.

(SIC! 2006/12 (2006) 901)

04 DEC 2006 PCT ME

The PCT will continue to be applicable to the Republic of Montenegro. It has been assigned the country code "ME". For further details, see below PCT YU

PCT Newsl. 2007/01 (2007) 1

12 OCT 2006 PCT

Fee reductions: As of 12 October 2006, reductions to the filing fee are applicable as follows

  • CHF 100 for electronic filing on paper with accompanied a diskette or CD (PCT-EASY)
  • CHF 200 for electronic filing in non-character encoded format (PDF)
  • CHF 300 for electronic filings with request, description, claims, abstract character encoded.

The availability of these reductions depends on the competent Receiving Office..

PCT Newsl. 2006/10 (2006) 1; 3-4

14 OCT 2006 PCT GT

Guatemala (GT) has deposited the instrument of accession to the PCT, Chapter I and II, on 14 July 2006 and will become bound by the PCT (Chapter I and II) on 14 October 2006.

PCT Newsl. 2006/8 (2006) 1

07 SEP 2006 THA ML

The Republic of Mali (ML) acceded the The Hague Union including the Geneva Protocol with effect from 7 September 2006.

(SIC! 2006/11 (2006) 822)

17 AUG 2006 PCT SV

El Salvador (SV) has deposited the instrument of accession to the PCT, Chapter I and II, on 17 May 2006 and will become bound by the PCT (Chapter I and II) on 17 August 2006.

PCT Newsl. 2006/6 (2006) 1

16 AUG 2006 PCT MY

Malaysia (MY) has deposited the instrument of accession to the PCT, Chapter I and II, on 16 May 2006 and will become bound by the PCT (Chapter I and II) on 16 August 2006.

PCT Newsl. 2006/6 (2006) 1

20 JUN 2006 PCT HN

Honduras has deposited the instrument of accession to the PCT, Chapter I and II, on 20 March 2006 and will become bound by the PCT (Chapter I and II) on 20 June 2006.

PCT Newsl. 2006/4 (2006) 1

14 JUN 2006 PCT LA

The Lao's People's Republic has deposited the instrument of accession to the PCT, Chapter I and II, on 14 March 2006 and will become bound by the PCT (Chapter I and II) on 14 June 2006.

PCT Newsl. 2006/4 (2006) 1

03 JUN 2006 PCT RS

The Republic of Serbia will continue to apply the PCT. It has been assigned the new country code "RS". For further details, see below PCT YU

PCT Newsl. 2006/10 (2006) 4

03 JUN 2006 PCT YU

On 19 September 2006, the Republic of Serbia has notified WIPO that the former Republic of Serbia and Montenegro has ceased to exist on 3 June 2006 as a consequence of the declaration of independence of the Republic of Montenegro, cf. above PCT RS and PCT ME

PCT Newsl. 2006/10 (2006) 4

01 APR 2006 PCT

New forms

As of 1 April 2006, the following forms have been modified:

  • PCT/RO/101 (Request)
  • PCT/IPEA/401 (Demand)
  • and several forms for official use.

The forms shall be used from 1 April 2006 on and may be downloaded.

New publication procedure

  • Section 406(b) of the Administrative Instructions: Any publication of a PCT application on or after 1 April 2006 will occur electronically only and this will be the legal publication. The publication will be accessible online. The time for completing the technical preparation will remain 15 days, and publication will take place once a week, usually on Thursday.

    Searching will be possible by bibliographic data and the full text. The publication will be available for download in PDF, HTML, XML, and ZIP, wherein the latter will comrise bibliographic data in XML and page images in TIFF format. The HTML and XML formats are obtained by OCR processing of the specifications.

    Under the document tab, declaration pursuant to R. 4.17, sequence listings.

    In the event that the web site is not accessible, the publication may still be accessible via an FTP server having the same URL.

  • The applicant will no more receive a paper copy of the publication. Instead, it is planned that a modified PCT/IB311 is furnished on the date of publication. On request, however, the IB will still send a paper copy free of charge to the applicant.

  • The Gazette will no more appear in paper form but electronically only.

  • Wipo welcomnes comments in these changes via email or by fax to +41 22 910 00 30.

PCT Applicant's Guide

The PCT Applicant's Guide will no more appear in paper form, but will be provided online only.

Administrative Instructions, Receiving Guidelines

With effect from 1 April 2006, several sections have been modified.

PCT Newsl. 2006/3 (2006) 3-5

01 APR 2006 PCT

WIPO: Modified Rule 4.9(b), valid as of 1 April 2006: If priority of an earlier first filing in a state is claimed, the designation of this state may be waived in claiming the priority if

  • the claim of this priority has the effect that the earlier filed patent application is deemed withdrawn; and
  • the respective state has informed WIPO accordingly.

PCT Newsl. 2006/1 (2006) 1

01 DEC 2005 PCT FI 30M

The timelimit to be respected for entering a national phase in Finland depends on the type of right requested:

TypeDeadline
Patent31 months
Utility model30 months

PCT Newsl. 2005/11 (2005) 1

27 OCT 2005 PCT KN

St. Kitts and Nevis deposited the instrument of accession to the PCT, Chapter I and II, on 27 July 2005 and will become bound by the PCT (Chapter I and II) on 27 October 2005.

PCT Newsl. 2005/8 (2005) 3

22 SEP 2005 PCT ZM 30M

Zambia has withdrawn its notification of incompatibility with "new" PCT Art 22(1) with effect from 22 September 2005, cf. the list of member states.

PCT Newsl. 2005/11 (2005) 1

20 AUG 2005 MMA/P GR

Greece accessed the Madrid Protocol with effect from 20 August 2005. The declarations pursuant Art. 5(2)(b) and 5(2)(c) have been given.

(SIC! 2005/9 (2005) 704)

26 JUL 2005 THA/GE LV Latvia accessed the Geneva Act of the The Hague Agreement with effect from 26 July 2005.

(SIC! 2005/9 (2005) 704)

15 SEP 2005 PCT LY

The Lybian Arab Jamahiriya (LY) deposited the instrument of accession to the PCT, Chapter I and II, on 15 June 2005 and will become bound by the PCT (Chapter I and II) on 15 September 2005.

PCT Newsl. 2005/7 (2005) 1

01 AUG 2005 PCT

New general fax number of the International Bureau:

+41 (0)22 338 82 70
.

which replaces +41 (0)22 740 14 35.

PCT Newsl. 2005/3 (2005) 4

08 MAY 2005 PCT NG

Nigeria (NG) deposited the instrument of accession to the PCT, Chapter I and II, on 8 February 2005 and will become bound by the PCT (Chapter I and II) on 8 May 2005.

PCT Newsl. 2005/2 (2005) 1

03 APR 2005 PCT PC KM
  • The Comoros (KM) deposited the instrument of accession to the PCT, Chapter I and II, on 31 January 2005 and will become bound by the PCT (Chapter I and II) on 3 April 2005.
  • The Comoros (KM) deposited the instrument of accession to the Paris Convention on 31 January 2005 and will become bound by the Convention on 3 April 2005.
PCT Newsl. 2005/1 (2005) 2
01 APR 2005 PCT

On its 33rd session, the PCT assembly decided the following amendments:

  • Amendments of the PCT Regulations relating to

    • simplification of the protest procedure before ISA and IPEA in case of non-unity of invention, and
    • late furnishing fee for the furnishing of sequence listings for search and examination purposes.

    The text is available in Section IV of PCT Gaz. 10/2005.

  • Modifications of the Administrative Instructions under the PCT:
    • deletion of Part 2, Annex B (examples: unity-of-invention practice);
    • addition of reference to the new location of the above-mentioned examples in the PCT International Search and Preliminary Examination Guidelines; and
    • a minor modification relating to "Markush practice, cf. also PCT Internationsl Search and Examination Guidelines, 10.17(b)

    The text is available in Section IV of PCT Gaz. 11/2005.

PCT Newsl. 2005/3 (2005) 2

01 FEB 2005 THA/60 HU Hungary has cancelled the London Act of the The Hague Agreement with effect from 1 February 2005. However, see below concerning accession to the Geneva Act.

(SIC! 2004/5 (2004) 442)

01 JAN 2005 PCT FI 30M Finland has withdrawn its notification of incompatibility with "new" PCT Art 22(1) with effect from 1 January 2005, cf. the list of member states.
Details regarding the applicable timelimit (31 or 30 months).
PCT Newsl. 2004/12 (2004) 3
01 JAN 2005 PCT

International Bureau (IB): Requirement to file separate power of attorney waived with effect from 1 January 2005 for any PCT application having a filing date on or after 1 January 2004. (Note: The IB as receiving office (RO) has had waived the requirement to file a separate power earlier. Now it is admissible to file documents even directly with the IB without having filed a separate power even if the IB is not the RO. Of course, the agent had to be indicated in the PCT request at the time of filing. Any ulterior appointment of an agent continues to need a separate power (PCT Rule 90.4b,d). As well, for filing a withdrawal, a power of attorney is always needed (PCT Rule 90.4e). Cf. the Practical Advice in PCT Newsl. 2004/12 (2004) 10.

PCT Newsl. 2004/12 (2004) 1

14 DEC 2004 PCT DK

With effect from 13 October 2004, Danmark has withdrawn its reservation concerning Rules 51bis.1(e) which applies from that date: Danmark may no more require the applicant to furnish a translation of the priority document except in cases where the validity of the priority claim is relevant for the patentability of the invention

PCT Newsl. 2004/11 (2004) 1

14 DEC 2004 PCT

In response to an unfavorable Written Opinion as established since 1 January 2004 within the frame of the International Search Report (IPRP), the applicant may file a comment with the IB. The comments has to be clearly identified as "Informal Comment", else the IB can not assign it properly. Amendments under Art. 19 PCT have to be clearly distinct. The "Informal Comment" will be sent to the designated offices together with the IPRP provided that no Demand has been filed. The offices of the designated states are free to require a translation of the comment. The comment will not be published with the international patent application, yet be open to the public by file inspection.

A timelimit for filing a comment to the Written Opinion does not exist, yet it should be filed 28 months after the priority date the latest, so that the IB may distribute it to the designated offices.

PCT Newsl. 2004/10 (2004) 3

14 DEC 2004 PCT SM

San Marino (SM) deposited its instrument of accession to the PCT, Chapter I and II, on 14 September 2004 and will become bound by the PCT (Chapter I and II) on 14 December 2004.

PCT Newsl. 2004/10 (2004) 3

22 JUL 2004 PC PK Pakistan (country code: PK) will become bound by the Paris Convention on 22 July 2004.

(PCT Newsl. 2004/5 (2004) 2)

10 JUL 2004 PCT YU

Deadline for entering the national phase in Serbia and Montenegro for an international (PCT) application is extended to 30 months as of 10 July 2004. The 30 month deadline applies to all international patent application having a filing date 1 January 2004 or later. Hence, only some states where patent protection may also be obtained by a regional patent system (EP, ARIPO) still require timely filing a Demand for enjoying the 30 months timelimit, cf. the list of states. (PCT Newsl. 2004/8 (2004) 1)

Furthermore, with effect from 10 July 2004, Serbia and Montenegro has withdrawn its notificaiotn of incompatibility with PCT Rule 49.6. Hence, reinstatement of rights in case of non-compliance with the requirements for entering the national phase (PCT Art. 22), is governed by Rule 49.6 since this date. (PCT Newsl. 2004/9 (2004) 1)

02 JUN 2004 PC AD Andorra (country code: AD) will become bound by the Paris Convention on 2 June 2004.

(PCT Newsl. 2004/4 (2004) 1)

12 MAY 2004 PCT BR

Deadline for entering the national phase in Brazil for an international (PCT) application is extended to 30 months as of 30 April 2004, cf entry 30 APR 2004. (Remark: It is not absolutely excluded that the 30 months period may even apply to PCT applications for which the 20 months deadline has expired before 30 April. However, this must be decided by a court in a precedence case still to come.)

01 MAY 2004 THA/GE HU Hungary has accessed the Geneva Act of the The Hague Convention with effect form 1 February 2004. Regarding adherence to the London 1960 Act, cf above. (SIC! 2004/5 (2004) 442)
30 APR 2004 PCT BR

Deadline for entering the national phase in Brazil for an international (PCT) application is extended to 30 months as of 30 April 2004. Presently, no further details are available, it is, however, hoped that the 30 months deadline applies to all PCT applications where the 20 month deadline is still running on 30 April 2004.

Information from our Brazil colleagues, May 2004

23 JAN 2004 MMA/P HR Croatia has acceded the Madrid Protocol on 23 January 2004.

Sic! 2/2004 (2004) 157.

01 JAN 2004 PCT

Preliminary Examination

As of 1 January 2004, for all PCT application, the new Demand form is to be used irrespective of the filing and priority date. For application filed before 1 January 2004, box IV, item 4 is to ignored, revised Rule 54bis1(a) not being applicable to these patent applications.

Power of Attorney

PCT Rules 90.4(d) and 90.5(c) provide the possibility that receiving offices waive presenting a power of attorney. However, it is reminded that for withdrawal of a PCT application (Rule 90.4) or of a demand (Rule 90.5), the filing of a power of attorney is still undispensible. The following patent offices have notified that they waive this requirement under Rule 90.4(b) and 90.5(a)(ii), except under the each time given special circumstances:
  • Autralia (except: unresolved dispute of representation);
  • IB (in its function as receiving office only; except: filing by agent or common representative not namen in the originally filed request);
  • Japan (except: act by agent not named in originally filed request);
  • Kyrgyzstan (only the requirement of filing a copy of a general power of attorney);
  • New Zealand (except where a change in representation occurs);
  • United States of America (except: cases of doubt if the agent is authorized to act in the name of the applicant; certain changes under PCT Rule 92bis)
The following offices have notified that they can not waive the requirement:
  • Eurasian Patent Office, acting as RO
  • Franch (patent patent office acting as RO)
  • South Korea (patent office, acting as RO, ISA, and IPEA)
The following office has notfied that it does not waive the requirement under Rule 90.4(b) (separate power of attorney):
11 MAR 2004 PCN SA Saudi Arabia deposited its instrument of accession to the Paris Convention on 11 December 2003 and will become bound on 11 March 2004.
PCT Newsl. 2004/1 (2004) 1-2
01 FEB 2004 PCT NO 30M Norway has withdrawn its notification of incompatibility with "new" PCT Art 22(1)and with Rule 51bis2(a) with effect from 1 February 2004, cf. the list of member states.
Remark: Timelimit for entering the national phase in Norway is now 31 months with effect from 01 February 2004.
PCT Newsl. 2004/2 (2004) 3
01 JAN 2004 PCN NA Namibia deposited its instrument of accession to the Paris Convention on 29 December 2003 and will (extraordinarily) become bound on 1 January 2004.
PCT Newsl. 2004/1 (2004) 1-2
01 JAN 2004 PCT SG 30M Singapore has withdrawn its notification of incompatibility with "new" PCT Art 22(1) with effect from 1 January 2004, cf. the list of member states.
PCT Newsl. 2003/11 (2003) 1
01 JAN 2004 PCT NA Namibia deposited its instrument of accession to the PCT, Chapter I and II, on 1 October 2003 and will become bound by the PCT on 1 January 2004.
PCT Newsl. 2003/10 (2003) 1
23 DEC 2003 TH GE CH The Geneva Act is in force as of 23 December 2003 inter alia for Switzerland and Liechtenstein. For details on this addition to the The Hague Agreement, visit WIPO. The revised Common Regulation may be found on the website of WIPO as well.
WIPO Information Notice 12/2003 (2003)
xx xxx 2003 MMA/P CN China: Art. 14.2)d) Madrid Arrangement, cf. 24 Jul 2003
xx xxx xxxx PCT BW PT PCT news regarding Botswana and Portugal cf. below 30 October 2003 and 1 July 2003
4 NOV 2003 MMA/P CY Cyprus has deposited its instrument of ratification of the Madrid Protocol and the Madrid Agreement with WIPO. Madrid Agreement and Protocol will enter into force for Cyprus on 4 November 2003.

Source: WIPO Information Notice 15/2003 (2003)

2 NOV 2003 MMA/P US The U.S.A. have deposited their instrument of ratification of the Madrid Protocol with WIPO. The Madrid Protocol will enter into force for the U.S.A. on 2 November 2003.

The instrument of ratification was accompanied by the following declarations:

  • Art. 5(2)(b) and (c) of the Protocol: delay for provisional refusal of one year is replaced by a delay of 18 months, and a provisional refusal due to an opposition may be notified still later.
  • Art. 8(7)(a) of the Protocol: designation of the U.S.A. requires a special fee.

Source: WIPO Information Notice 15/2003 (2003)

30 OCT 2003 PCT BW Botswana deposited its instrument of ratification to the PCT on 30 October 2003. Accordingly, it will be bound by the PCT as of 30 October 2003 (Chapter I and II). Botswana, a member of ARIPO, may also be designated within an ARIPO patent on and after this date. Woith the accession of Botswana, all 14 states party to ARIPO are now contracting states of the PCT,PCT Newsl. 2003/8 (2003) 1
30 SEP 2003 PCT YU CS Serbia and Montenegro have received the 2-letter ISO Code CS.
25 AUG 2003 PCT IB The International Bureau acting as receiving office (RO/IB) accepts electronically filed PCT applications, though only from users registered for this filing manner (registered under PCT-SAFE pilot For details, see PCT Gazette 34 IV/2003 (2003) 19248 .
01 AUG 2003 PCT BY Belarus has withdrawn the reservation of incompatibility with PCT Rule 49.6 as amended on 1 January 2003. Hence, amended Rule 49.6 (reinstatement of rights in case the requirements for entering the national phase as prescribed under Art. 22 PCT have not been fulfilled) will be valid for Belarus from 1 August 2003 inclusively. A request for reinstatement of rights has to be filed within 12 months after expiry of the timelimit under Art. 22 PCT. The request must be accompagnied by legitimate reasons why the requirements had not been complied with and a prescribed fee (USD 200).
PCT Newsl. 2003/9 (2003) 3
24 JUL 2003 MMA/P CN By notification of 24 July 2003, China has withdrawn its reservation under Art. 14.2)d) of the Madrid Arrangement. In consequence, any international registration may be extended to China.

Source: WIPO Information Notice 17/2003 (2003)

01 JUL 2003 PCT PT Portugal has withdrawn the reservation of incompatibility with PCT Rule 49.6 as amended on 1 January 2003. Hence, amended Rule 49.6 (reinstatement of rights in case the requirements for entering the national phase as prescribed under Art. 22 PCT have not been fulfilled) will be valid for Portugal from 1 July 2003 inclusively.
PCT Newsl. 2003/8 (2003) 1
01 APR 2003 PCT DK 30M Danmark has withdrawn its notification of incompatibility with "new" PCT Art 22(1)and with Rule 51bis2(a) with effect from 1 July 2003, cf. the list of member states and the EP-Info.
Remark: Timelimit for entering the national phase in Danmark is now 31 months with effect from 01 July 2003.
PCT Newsl. 2003/7 (2003) 1
01 APR 2003 PCT ZA 30M South Africa has withdrawn its notification of incompatibility with "new" PCT Art 22(1) with effect from 23 April 2003, cf. the list of member states and the EP-Info.
Remark: Timelimit for entering the national phase in South Africa is extended to 31 months with effect from 23 April 2003.
PCT Newsl. 2003/4 (2003) 1
26 JUN 2003 PCT SY The Syrian Arab Republic (SY) has deposited its instrument of ratification of the PCT on 26 March 2003. With effect from 26 June 2003, Syria may be designated and elected in an international patent application under the PCT.
PCT Newsl. 2003/04 (2003) 1
14 JUN 2003 PCT PG Papua New Guinea (PG) has deposited its instrument of ratification of the PCT on 14 March 2003. With effect from 14 June 2003, Papua New Guinea may be designated and elected in an international patent application under the PCT.
PCT Newsl. 2003/04 (2003) 1
01 APR 2003 PCT EE 30M Estonia has withdrawn its notification of incompatibility with "new" PCT Art 22(1) with effect from 1 April 2003, cf. the list of member states and the EP-Info.
PCT Newsl. 2003/4 (2003) 1
06 MAR 2003 PCT NI Nicaragua (NI) has deposited its instrument of accession to the PCT on 6 December 2002. With effect from 6 March 2003, Nicaragua may be designated and elected in an international patent application under the PCT.
PCT Newsl. 2003/01 (2003) 1
01 FEB 2003 PCT 30M China has withdrawn the reservation with respect to the general 30M timelimit with effect from 1 February 2003, cf. the list of member states.
PCT Newsl. 2003/01 (2003) 1
01 JAN 2003 PCT 30M Further PCT member states have withdrawn the reservation with respect to the general 30M timelimit, most recently Hungary with effect from 1 January 2003, cf. the list of member states and the EP-Info.
PCT Newsl. 2002/12 (2002) 1
07 NOV 2002 PCT

Modified Administrative Instructions relating to international patent applications containing (large) nucleotide/amino acid listings or related tables: instructions relating to electronic filing of this listings/tables and the publication of the correspondig patent applications (may be made on paper or electronically as determined by the Director General) (Sections 801 - 806 and Annex C-bis (technical requirements for the presentation of tables related to nucleotide and amino acid sequence listings ...). The instructions are valid mutatis mutandis to the communication of the international patent application under Art. 20 and the furnishing of copies or priority documents under Rules 87, 94.1, Rule 17.1 in connection with Section 801(a) of these modified Administrative Instructions, and Rules 17.2 and 66.7.

Annex to PCT Newsl. 2002/09 (2002)

07 NOV 2002 PCT SC

The Seychelles (SC) has deposited its instrument of ratification on 7 August 2002 and is bound since 7 November 2002 by the PCT, Chapter I and II. Hence, it may be designated in any PCT application filed on or after this date.

PCT Newsl. 2002/09 (2002) 1,4

30 AUG 2002 PCT JP Deadline for entering the national phase in Japan for an international (PCT) application is extended to 30 months as of 1 September 2002. According to the transitional provisions, the extension also applies to patent applications where the 20 months term has not expired on 1 September 2002. This adoption of the new PCT rules is included in a revision of the Japanes patent law, some amendments of which will be in force as of 1 September 2002 like the extension of term for entering the national phase. Another point is the introduction of a grace period for furnishing the translation of 2 months. This rule may also apply to international patent applications where the national phase is entered on 1 September 2002 or later - for exact conditions, please be referred to the competent sources (Japanese Patent Office or patent attorneys).

Information from our Japanese colleagues, July 2002

30 AUG 2002 MMA/P ES

According to the new trademark law which will enter into force on 30 July 2002, the Spanish trademark office will no more raise objections of relative non-registrability ex officio. It will merely conduct a search and inform the holders of all revealed trademarks of the new international registration or request of extension ot Spain. In consequence, any opposition on relative grounds has to be formed by the holders of the concerned prior rights.

The mentioned official notification will only be sent to addresses in Spain so that any foreign holder has to indicate at least a post delivery address in Spain in order to receive the notification of being cited such a search report.

WIPO Information Notice 28/2002 (2002)

30 AUG 2002 MMA/P AU

Australia has declared the reservation according to Rule 20bis(6)(a) of the Common Regulations under the Madrid Ageement that licenses registered with WIPO have no effect since the Australian law does not provide for recording of licenses. The reservation is in effect since 1 April 2002.

WIPO Information Notice 26/2002 (2002)
30 AUG 2002 MMA/P MK The Republic of Makedonia has acceded to the Madrid Protocol. It may be designated as a Protocol member state on and after 30 August 2002. WIPO Information Notice 27/2002 (2002)
06 AUG 2002 PCT VC Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (VC) is bound since 6 August 2002 by the PCT, Chapter I and II. Hence, it may be designated in any PCT application filed on or after this date. PCT Newsl. 2002/06 (2002) 1
01 APR 2002 PCT HR UK United Kingdom and Croatia have withdrawn the reservations of incompatibility with the 30 month term pursuant to the modified Art. 22(1) PCT with effect from 1 April 2002, cf. the list of member states whose legislation does not allow a general extension of the timelimit for entering national phases to 30 months (orignally published in PCT Newsl. 2002/02 (2002) 4).PCT Newsl. 2002/04 (2002) 1
01 APR 2002 MMA/P SG LI JP Lithuania, Japan and Singapore have deposited the declaration under Rule 20bis(6)(b) that a licence registered for a international registration with the International Register under Rule 20bis(3) has no effect for these countries. (Information Notice No. 9/2002 (SG), 10/2002 (LI) and 11/2002 (JP), all of 21 march 2002).
01 APR 2002 PCT List of member states whose legislation presently does not allow a general extension of the timelimit for entering national phases to 30 months is published in PCT Newsl. 2002/02 (2002) 4.
01 APR 2002 PCT The PCT assembly decided to extend the delay for entering the national phases from 20 to 30 months. In other terms, it will be no more necessary to apply for the Preliminary Exmaination pursuant Chapter II within 19 months after the priority date to enjoy the longer 30 months timelimit. The new regime is programmed to be in force from 1 April 2002 on. Nevertheless, it will still be possible to apply for Preliminary Examination if an official statement as regards inter alia novelty and inventiveness is needed still during the international phase.

Transitional provision:

  • As member states to the PCT will have to adapt their domestic legislation to the new situation, a transitional provision exists: Any state may apply for a postponement of the new deadline for himself by 31 January 2001 of this reason. As regards any state having made use of the transitional provision, the old regulations (20 months deadline without Preliminary Examination requested in due time) will prevail.
  • Another transitional provision pertains to existing PCT applications: As far as the 20 month timelimit has not expired by the date on which the new regime gets in force for a designated state, this timelimit is extended to 30 months.

The Assembly further reduced the maximal number of designation fees from six to five with effect from 01 January 2002. This fee rule will apply to

  • all PCT application file on or after 1 January 2002
  • for PCT applications filed before 1 January 2002 where the following conditions are fulfilled:
    • the designation fees are paid on or after 1 January 2002; and
    • the timelimit under Rule 15.4(b)(i) applies; and
    • the designation fees are paid later than one month from the date of receipt of the application, but within one year after the priority date (cf. Rule 15.4(c), 2nd sentence).

The assembly agreed to modifying the agreement with the EPO so that the EPO may change its competence as an ISA and IPEA with respect to a receiving office in dependence on the general workload of the EPO. Thereby, the EPO will be able to adjust its ISA/IPEA workload in a way that it can fulfill its other functions (examination of European patent applications, before all).

(PCT Newsl. 2001/10 (2001) 1-2)

01 Feb 2002 MMA/P FI Finland has defined particular fees due under the Madrid Protocol, applicable as of 01 February 2002:
  • Designation fee (international application or subsequent designation):
    • CHF 236 for three classes of goods or services except for collective marks;
    • CHF 340 for three classes of goods or services for collective marks
    • CHF 088 for each further class.
  • Renewal:
    • CHF 266 for three classes of goods or services except for collective marks;
    • CHF 384 for three classes of goods or services for collective marks
    • CHF 140 for each further class.
(Information Notice of WIPO No. 1/2002)
18 Jan 2002 MMA/P BY Belarus (country code: BY) deposited its instrument of ratification of the Madrid Protocol on 18 October 2001 It will be bound by the Protocol as of 18 January 2002.

Further information (Art. relates to the Protocol):

  • Art. 5(2)(b): right to notify a refusal (Art. 5(2)(a)): timelimit: 18 months;
  • Art. 8(7)(a) fee for filing and renewal: an individual fee is due (still to be published);
Number of members to the Madrid System is 55.

(Information Notice of (WIPO No. 18/2001)

10 Dec 2001 PCT TN Tunisia (country code: TN) has deposited its instrument of adhesion to the PCT on 10 September 2001. The treaty will have effect in Tunisia as of 10 December 2001 including Chapter II.

(PCT Newsl. 2001/10 (2001) 5)

31 OCT 2001 MMA/P During its 33rd session (24 September to 3 October 2001), the Assembly of the Madrid Union adopted a number of amendments to the Common Regulations under the Madrid Agreement and Protocol. A full document with amendments marked is available on the "International Marks" page of (WIPO. Certain amendments entered into force on 4 October 2001, the remaining will enter into force on 1 April 2001.

The amendments relate to a large part to the relation between the International Bureau and the national offices. Some more important points concerning the applicant for and owners of international registration are:

  • Rule 34 (already in force since 4 October 2001): Within the protocol, an office may require a bipartite fee, the first part being due on filing or later extension, the second after final acceptance for this state. (Cf. the registration fee in Australia which is due after acceptance);
  • Rule 9: simplified; applicant may indicate that the mark consists of colors or combinations thereof as such, and give a disclaimer elements of the mark;
  • Rule 15: Simplified, only 4 (four) instead of 7 irregularities have effect on the filing date;
  • Rule 20: restriction of the right to dispose may be restricted to only a number of contracting states;
  • NEW: Rule 20bis: Licenses may be registered in the International Register. Fee: CHF 177.00 per recording or amendment of recording.
  • Rule 25: Request to modify an international registration (ownership; list of goods/services) may be directed directly to the International Bureau;

Further information as to practical consequences of this changes will provisionally be published early in 2002.

(Information Notice of WIPO No. 17/2001 of 15 October 2001)

17 SEP 2001 THA/GE RO On 11 May 2001, Rumania has deposited its instrument of ratification of the Act of Geneva. The act is not yet in force. (LTPI 2001/4-5 (2001) 37)
15 Nov 2001 PCT ZM Zambia (country code: ZM) has deposited its instrument of adhesion to the PCT on 15 August 2001. The treaty will have effect in Zambia as of 15 November 2001 including Chapter II. Furthermore, Zambia being a member of the Harare Protocol, it may also be designated for the purpose of obtaining an ARIPO patent. (PCT Newsl. 2001/9 (2001) 1)
17 SEP 2001 MMA/P AU Australia (country code: AU) has deposited its instrument of adhesion to the Protocol to the Madrid Convention on 11 April 2001. The Protocoll will have effect for Australia as of 11 July 2001. Details cf 11. July 2001 (LTPI 2001/4-5 (2001) 37)
26 Oct 2001 PCT OM Oman (country code: OM) has deposited its instrument of adhesion to the PCT on 26 July 2001. The treaty will have effect in Oman as of 26 October 2001 including Chapter II. (PCT Newsl. 2001/8 (2001) 1)
24 OCT 2001 MMA/P AM On 24 July 2001, Armenia has filed the following declaration with regard to its adhesion to the Madrid Protocol:
  • Art. 5(2)(a): Timelimit for issuing a refusal of protection: 18 months;
  • Art. 8(7): Fee for filing and renewal: individual fees are due;
  • Amounts of these fees:
    • Designation fee, 1st class of goods/services: 320
    • Designation fee, each further class: 32
    • Renewal fee, 1st class of goods/services: 320
    • Renewal fee, each further class: 32
The declarations take effect on 24 October 2001.

(Information Notice of WIPO No. 14/2001)

19 Oct 2001 MMA/P IE Eire (country code: IE) deposited its instrument of ratification of the Madrid Protocol on 19 July 2001. It will be bound by the Protocol as of 19 October 2001.

Further information:

  • Art. 5(2)(a): right to notify a refusal: timelimit: 18 months;
  • Art. 5(2)(c): refusal due to opposition against grant of protection may be notified still after the expiry of the timelimit of 18 months.
  • Art. 8(7) fee for filing and renewal: an individual fee is due;
(Information Notice of WIPO No. 13/2001)
02 Oct 2001 MMA/P BG Bulgaria (country code: BG) deposited its instrument of ratification of the Madrid Protocol on 2 July 2001. It will be bound by the Protocol as of 2 October 2001.

Further information:

  • Art. 5(2) timelimit: 18 months;
  • Art. 8(7) fee for filing and renewal: an individual fee is due;
(Information Notice of WIPO No. 10/2001)
17 Aug 2001 PCT PH The Philippines (Code: PH) have deposited its instrument of adhesion to the PCT on 17 May 2001. The treaty will have effect in the Philippines as of 17 August 2001 including Chapter II. (PCT Newsl. 2001/6 (2001) 1)
17 JUL 2001 PCT GQ OAPI Equatorial Guinea (country code: GQ) has acceded to and is bound as of 17 July 2000 by the PCT (chapters 1 and 2). Accordingly, a designation of OAPI will automatically include Equatorial Guinea from this date on. (PCT Newsl. 2001/5 (2001) 1)
11 JUL 2001 MMA/P AU Australia (country code: AU) has deposited its instrument of adhesion to the Protocol to the Madrid Convention on 11 April 2001. The Protocoll will have effect for Australia as of 11 July 2001. Australia has declared the following reservations:
  • Protocol, Art 5.2(d): timelimit of one year for notifying a "refus de protection" is replaced by a timelimit of 18 months
  • Protocol, Art 5.2(c): If a "refus de protection" issues in consequence of an opposition, it may be notified even after expiry of the timelimit of 18 months.
  • Protocol, Art 8.7(a): Designation of Australia requires special official fees instead of the designation fees provided by the Protocol.
(LTPI 2001/4-5 (2001) 37)
22 JUN 2001 PCN NP Nepal (Code: NP) has deposited its instrument of adhesion to the Paris Convention on 22 March 2001. The convention will have effect in Nepal as of 22 June 2001. (L. et T. de Prop. Ind. 4/3 (2001) 29)
14 JUN 2001 PCN TO Tonga (Code: TO) has deposited its instrument of adhesion to the Paris Convention on 14 March 2001. The convention will have effect in Nepal as of 14 June 2001. (L. et T. de Prop. Ind. 4/3 (2001) 29)
16 JUN 2001 MA MN Mongolia (country code: MN) deposited its instrument of ratification of the Madrid Protocol on 16 March 2001. It will be bound by the Protocol as of 16 June 2001. (Information Notice of WIPO No. 4/2001)
11 MAY 2001 THA/GE RO Romania deposited on 11 May 2001 its instrument of ratification of the Geneva Act. This is the first ratification of this act. (Information issued by WIPO of 1 June 2001)
07 MAY 2001 PC NP Nepal (country code: NP) will become bound by the Paris Convention on 22 June 2001. (PCT Newsl. 2001/4 (2001) 3)
07 MAY 2001 PC TO Tonga (country code: TO) will become bound by the Paris Convention on 14 June 2001. (PCT Newsl. 2001/4 (2001) 3)
07 MAY 2001 PCT EC Ecuador deposited its instrument of accession on 07 February 2001. Hence, it will be bound by the PCT including Chapter II as of 07 May 2001 and may, in consequence, be designated and elected on and after that date. (PCT Newsl. 2001/2 (2001) 1)
01 MAR 2001 PCT Due to modifications of the Implementing Rules of the PCT, new forms for the Demand and the Request are to be used since 1 March 2001. The forms may be downloaded from WIPO(PCT Newsl. 2001/02 (2001) 3 -4)
28 FEB 2001 PCT CO Colombia deposited its instrument of accession on 29 November 2000. Hence, it will be bound by the PCT including Chapter II as of 28 February 2001 and may, in consequence, be designated and elected on and after that date. (PCT Newsl. 2000/12 (2000) 1)
01 JAN 2001 PCT Ceiling of number of designation fees lowered to six (6) (PCT Newsl. 2000/10 (2000) 1)
15 DEC 1999 THA BG Bulgaria (BG) has implemented the law of Industrial Designs and Models. The law stipulates that for an international model under the The Hague Agreement and designating Bulgaria, the creator has to be identified. If the requirement is not satisfied, the designation of Bulgaria is deemed to be withdrawn. However, in case of omission of indicating the creator, the Bulgarian administration will first issue a notification directly to the applicant, and any interaction of the International Bureau is prohibited. Hence, it is recommended to indicate the creator(s) in the field III of the demand form. ("Important Notice" issued by WIPO on 26 May 2000)
18 MAY 2000 PCT MZ Mozambique (MZ) has acceded to the PCT including Chapter II; in effect as of 17 May 2000 (PCT Newsl. 2000/3 (2000) 1).
17 APR 2000 MMP IT Italy (Code: IT) has acceded to the Madrid Protocol; in effect as of 17 April 2000 (Information Notice No 3/2000, issued by WIPO).
17 MAR 2000 MMP AG Antigua and Barbuda (Code: AG) has acceded to the Madrid Protocol; in effect as of 17 March 2000 (Information Notice No 2/2000, issued by WIPO).
17 MAR 2000 PCT PCN AG Antigua and Barbuda (Code: AG) may be designated and elected in a PCT application, and is bound as of this date by the Paris Convention (PCT Newsl. 2000/1 (2000) 1 and 4).
14 MAR 2000 MMP JP Japan acceded the Madrid Protocol. The protocol gets in force for Japan on 14 March. 2000. Time limit for a notification of a refusal is extended to 18 months (Art. 5(2) (a & b) MMP). Designation of Japan and renewal require a particular fee (Art. 8(7)(a) MMP). (Information Notice No 1/2000, issued by WIPO)
08 MAR 2000 PCT DZ Algeria (Code: DZ) may be designated and elected in a PCT application (PCT Newsl. 2000/1 (2000) 1).
05 JAN 2000 PCN Macau See entry 20 December 1999
01 JAN 2000 Rule 4.10 PCT amended: Priority of a patent application (or an equivalent application according to the PCT) filed in or for a member state of the WTO, even if it is not a member state of the Paris Convention, may be claimed for a PCT application. However, due to the filing of an incompatibility declaration, such a priority claims is not valid with regard to the European and the Japanese patent office - until the EPC or the Japanese patent law, respectively, are amended to be compatible with this new provision. (PCT Newsl. 1999/12 (1999) 1-2).
01 Jan 2000 2000 Happy New YEAR (even this year - - - can you still view me??)
01 JAN 2000 EPC Maximal number of due designation fees is reduced to 8; designation fee reduced to CHF 140.-; for: all international patent application filed on or after 1 January 2000 (PCT Newsl. 1999/10 (1999) 1).

20 DEC 1999 PCN CN Macau Since 20 December 1999, Macau is a Special Administrative Zone of the People's Republic of China (treaty CN/PT of 13 April 1987). Accordingly, since this date, Macau is bound by the PCN. (PCT Newsl. 2000/1 (2000) 1).
01 DEC 1999 PCT KR The Korean patent office is appointed as a International Searching Authority (ISA) and an International Preliminary Examining Authority (IPEA) (PCT Newsl. 1999/12 (1999) 2).
08 Oct 1999 PCT MO Morocco accedes PCT incl Chapter II

07 Aug 1999 PCT DM Dominica accedes PCT incl Chapter II

03 Aug 1999 PCT CR Costa Rica accedes PCT incl Chapter II

01 Aug 1999 PCT ARIPO SL Publication of automatic designation of Sierra Leone (SL) by designating ARIPO with effect back to 25 February 1999 (see 25 February1999/SL

01 JUL 1999 PCT EP Reductions of fees for European and international (PCT) patent applications filed on or after 01 July: International Search: about 15 % (EP OJ 1999/01 (1999) 5-8).

16 MAR 1999 PCT ZA South Africa acceded the PCT and may be designated and elected from this date (PCT Newsl. 1999/01 (1999) 1).

13 MAR 1999 PCT AT Austria bound by the Madrid Protocol (Information circular of WIPO).

10 MAR 1999 PCT AE United Arab Emirates acceded the PCT and may be deisgnated and elected from this date. (PCT Newsl. 1999/01 (1999) 1).

25 Feb 1999 PCT ARIPO SL Due to the accession of Sierra Leone to the Harare Protocol within the ARIPO framework, any designation of ARIPO in PCT applications filed on or after 25 February 1999 includes SL (PCT Newsl. 1999/08 (1999) 1)

01 JAN 1999 THA Reproductions for international deposits of industrial designs may be either:

- pasted on the standard spaces provided for in the application form, or

printed directly onto one side only of A4 paper sheets (white, opaque, without the grid of standard spaces). the printed area shall be 16 cm x 24 cm at most. Around each picture, it shall be possible to draw a rectangular frame which does not contain parts of the other representations or anything else not adhering to the representation. Consequently, the required numbering has to appear outside the standard spaces, and the representations have to be rectangles.

One set of representations is to be filed.

All requirements contained in: Instructions Regarding the Reproduction of the Design or Article Deposited and the Description of Characteristic Features (DM/29-XI.98) of WIPO. (Note of WIPO of 25 November 1998)

01 Jan 1999 MMA MMP TR 1 Oct. 1998: Turkey deposited its instrument of accession to the Protocol Relating to the Madrid Agreement. The "Protocol" will enter into force for Turkey on 1 January 1999. Existing registrations under the Madrid Agreement/Protocol can not be extended to Turky. (Notif. of WIPO 12 Oct 1998)
01 Jan 1999 PCT Maximal number of designation fees to be paid decreased from 11 to 10. Use of PCT-EASY-Software entails reduction of application fee. (PCT Newsletter 10/1998 (1998) 1, 2).
14 Dec 1998 MMA MMP SZ Madrid Arrangement and Madrid Protocol valid for Swaziland.
07 Dec 1998 PCN PCT IN India will be bound by the Paris Convention and may be designated and elected as well in international patent applications under the PCT as of 7 Dec 1998 (PCT Newsl. 09/1998 (1998) 1)
18 Nov 1998 MMP EE Madrid Protocol valid for Estonia; timlimit for rejection 18 months, in case of opposition even beyond (art. 5.2 a), b) and 5.2 c)); designation fee and renewal fee set individually (art. 8.7a); registration under the Madrid Protocol filed before the Madrid Prot. is valid for Estonia may not be extended to Estonia.

(Notif. of WIPO, 23 Sep 1998)

22 Sep 1998 PCT PCN GD Grenada (GD) may be designated and elected (bound by Chapter II PCT) in PCT applications as of 22 Sept. 1998. GD deposited its instrument of accession to the PCT (and the Paris Convention as well) on 22 June 1998. (PCT Newsl. 07 (1998) p. 1 and 3)
22 Sep 1998 PCN KH Kambodia (KH) becomes bound by the Paris Convention (PCT Newsl. 07(1998) p. 3)
01 Sep 1998 THA MD Designation of MOLDOVA is subject to payment of a State novelty fee.
18 Aug 1998 PCN GT Guatemala (GT) becomes bound by the Paris Convention (PCT Newsl. 07(1998) p. 3)
01 Jul 1998 PCT The amendments adopted by the Assembly of the International Patent Union on 1 October 1998 are in force, e. g.: possibility of publishing the PCT Gazette in electronic form; provisions relating to languages, priority claims, corrections, furnishing priority documents; rules relating to filing the demand for Preliminary Examination; access to the file by third parties; deposits of now "biological material"; fixing of required fees, timelimits for payment and refund; electronic filing of documents broadened
01 Apr 1998 EPC PCT CY Cyprus becomes member of the EPC and the PCT; eligible under Chapter II PCT;
01 Jan 1998 PCT Reduction of fees: Basic Fee, Designation Fee

*: EPC: European Patent Convention; PCN: Paris Convention; PCT: Patent Cooperation Treaty; MMA/P: Madrid Convention/Protocol; THA: The Hague Agreement; THA/GE: The Hague Agreement, Geneva Act of 1999; CTM: Community trademark (European Union); otherwise 2-letter ISO-Country-Codes

Sources:
GRUR Int. Zeitschrift der Deutschen Vereinigung für gewerblichen Rechtsschutz und Urheberrecht - Internationaler Teil
SIC! Zeitschrift f. Immaterial-, Informations- und Wettbewerbsrecht
WIPO Information Notice: Information notice of WIPO, enclosed to other publications, particularly the WIPO Gazette of International Marks.
EP OJ: Official Journal of the European Patent Office (EPO)
PCT News PCT Newsl: PCT Newsletter,WIPO publication No. 115 (E)
LTPI: Lois et Traités de Propriété Intellectuelle, a monthly publication of WIPO. ISSN 1020-704X.
ISO country codes: Information on ISO3166; list of English and French country names. (According to the Annual report for 1999 of the Secretariat of the ISO 3166 Maintenance Agency: "This website is the only one authorized by the ISO3166/MA Secretariat and guaranteed to be updated whenever there is a change in the list of country names and code elements.")

 

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